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What are the aims of teaching geography?

The National Curriculum for England describes the purpose of geography thus:


A high-quality geography education should inspire in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. Teaching should equip pupils with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes. As pupils progress, their growing knowledge about the world should help them to deepen their understanding of the interaction between physical and human processes, and of the formation and use of landscapes and environments. Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills provide the frameworks and approaches that explain how the Earth’s features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and change over time.


How is the National Curriculum covered in geography?

Teachers are guided by their knowledge of children’s needs and interest when selecting appropriate subject content and develop this into challenging and relevant topics using their professional skills. Geography is taught both as a standalone subject and through other subject areas, such as maths and English.  We always strive to provide stimulating experiences, ensuring that field trips are part of the geography curriculum wherever possible.  We aim to secure a balanced geography curriculum so that teaching and learning includes both core knowledge (facts, vocabulary, places and names) and a sense of place (emotions, values and opinions).


What skills are covered during lessons?

At Bramley St. Peter’s we aim to engage our pupils as they learn skills through carefully planned topics that are creative and well-integrated into the wider curriculum.  Children will be taught to gather, use and communicate data, especially through fieldwork. They will learn how to interpret maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS).  Furthermore they will learn how to communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.


How is progression achieved?

We have a long term plan that details the skill progression expected across the year groups, so that pupils’ geographical thinking is developed in a systematic manner.  In addition progression is achieved by:

  • increasing breadth of study, wider range of scales studied, greater complexity of phenomena studied.
  • increasing use made of generalised knowledge and abstract ideas.